On 20 June, the Supreme People’s Court issued a report on the past 5 years of judicial assistance with Taiwan, featuring three bar charts, a table and 15 model cases, linked here. Judicial assistance between the mainland and Taiwan in 2013 was the subject of a blogpost earlier this year. The execution of two brothers in Taiwan, on the basis of testimony from witnesses on the mainland who were not made available for cross-examination, illustrate vividly some of the Issues related to judicial assistance, as further described here.
Most of the judicial assistance has been in the form of requests for delivery on the mainland of judicial documents from Taiwan (almost 30,000 in the past 5 years), but has also included recognition and enforcement of Taiwan court judgments (270 in the past 5 years), requests for obtaining evidence on the mainland (610).
The model cases summarize the requests made and the assistance provided, rather than the original judgments or rulings in these cases. (Prior blogposts on the topic of model cases are linked here and Mark Cohen’s analysis is found here).
The statistics reflect the closer interactions between the two sides of the Taiwan straits, including the flood of Taiwan investment into the mainland, and cross-straits personal interactions (including cross-straits marriages and crimes committed by Taiwanese on the mainland). I look forward to comments and further analysis from Taiwan lawyers, scholars and others on the significance of these statistics and other related issues.
On 13 January the People’s Court Daily published a report, linked here (and also issued on Wechat), with statistics and summaries of legal developments in 2013 concerning mutual legal assistance between mainland China and Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan. These developments, which also have practical implications for lawyers and the judiciary in all four jurisdictions are highlighted below.
There were almost 11,000 cases involving delivery of judicial documents, taking of evidence, and other mutual legal assistance, with a significant increase since the conclusion in June, 2009 of a judicial assistance agreement between the mainland and Taiwan.
In 2013, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) began work on a judicial interpretation concerning the recognition of Taiwan court rulings and judgments, which the report says would be more comprehensive and expand the scope of judgments that can be recognized. The SPC also began work on a judicial interpretation for the transfer of mainland prisoners from Taiwan back to the mainland to serve out their sentences.
The SPC and the Hong Kong authorities [presumably the Department of Justice] have undertaken fruitful discussions on the recognition and enforcement of civil and commercial judgments that lack jurisdiction agreements (相互认可与执行非协议管辖民商事判决) as well as an arrangement concerning criminal cases in which the mainland and Hong Kong have concurrent jurisdiction.
The arrangements with Hong Kong have significant implications for the business and legal community in Hong Kong. The Supreme People’s Court Monitor looks forward to more information from the Hong Kong government on both issues.